In this view from behind and to the side of the grotto, we can see the pillars, the walls (foreground), and the mosaic floor (in the passageway between the old walls) that remain of the 4th century Byzantine church.

Church of the Annunciation: Grotto

Under the Church of the Annunciation, on the side closest to where neighbor and future-husband Joseph lived, archeologists have excavated holes in which Mary’s back yard can be seen.

Excavated areas under Church of the Annunciation